As mentioned on the Home page, I have worked with a wide variety of issues over many years. However, depressive and/or anxiety disorders are the two most common sources of suffering people experience.   In fact, Major Depression is the number one diagnosis in the United States. Listed below are some commonly used approaches in the treatment of  a variety of issues.

. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is one of the most effective approaches to treating mental health issues, particularly for depression and anxiety.  Most people from time to time have what is known as “cognitive distortions.”  These thoughts are characterized by catastrophizing, overgeneralizing,  thinking up worse-case scenarios (‘what if’), believing they are less than others,  and negativity. These thoughts are false and often rooted in fear, leading to feelings of stress, self-doubt, and decreased self-worth.  These emotions can affect one’s behavior and confidence.  CBT helps individuals recognize and replace distorted thoughts and patterns, creating a greater sense of control over one’s life and enhanced well-being.

. Insight-Oriented Therapy helps individuals to understand how beliefs, feelings, actions and events from the past might be influencing one’s current mindset and functioning.  Insight therapy increases self-knowledge allowing the client to break free from old beliefs, habits, and patterns of behavior,  replacing them with new ones.  This insight can create a deep sense of freedom.

. Mindfulness Practice focuses on the here and now, the eternal present moment.  Emotional suffering is created by negative or fearful thoughts about the past or future, neither of which actually exist.  Inner peace is found in being present.  There is perfect safety in the present moment.

. Reiki Therapy is a Japanese-based form of deep relaxation and energy work that can lead to enhanced well-being on many levels.  Please refer to the Reiki page on this site for more information.

Many different therapeutic approaches overlap and all work in conjunction with the life experiences and uniqueness of each individual.  The overall purpose of psychotherapy is to help individuals understand how and why they create much of their own suffering, learn how to change self-defeating beliefs and patterns, and discover their true nature in order to lead a more comfortable and peaceful life.